Ethiopia now has a national plan for eliminating neglected tropical diseases, but success depends on disease mapping, monitoring, and making data accessible for policymakers


I have a couple of projects I posted the results for on mapping history for elephantiasis.  The figure provided ("Elephantiasis, IP") pertains to my study of the recent or modern history of importation of this disease into the United States.


By the mid-19th century, elephantiasis was considered a "latitudinal disease" by famous disease cartographers like Heinrich Berghaus (1847), Adolph Muhry (1856), Alexander Keith Johnston (1856),  William Aitken (1872), and Robert William Felkin (1889) (the links to the pages I developed on these scientists are below).  Its method and pattern of spread globally changed little over the next 75 years.


The history of mapping elephantiasis can be reviewed, starting with the links and maps below.


My spatial review of EMR claims noting Elephantiasis history, in video form, is at




1827 ‘Charte Uber die geographische Ausbreitung der Krankheiten’ (1827) — TRANSLATION & REVIEW IN PROCESS 


R. Brömer.  The first global map of the distribution of human diseases: Friedrich Schnurrer’s ‘Charte über die geographische Ausbreitung der Krankheiten’ (1827).  Med Hist Suppl. 2000; (20): 176–185.  At




(1848 Map, translated, with review) –


ADOLPH MUHRY (1810-1888)


(1856 Map, partially translated, with discussion) – 




(his 1856 world map) – 


(the North America portion, reviewed in detail) – 


(his philosophy and such) – 

WILLIAM AITKEN (1825-1892)


(his 1872 map, compared with others) –


(more) –



(full 1889 map) – 


and (parts of his writings) –


(His work as a Google Book) – 



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