The history of this school represents an important time in Naturopathic history. The popularity of the profession had not yet reached its peak, and if this school could have survived a few years longer it may have had enough of a following to have remained active as a satellite to the Portland School, much like the history of the Bastyr College needed to become its own entity. At the time I was reviewing this part of the local naturopathic history (1991-3), the two professors who started this program were still actively practicing, and even visiting their alma mater quite often during the academic year, in order to look up a new case or develop some form of clinical research. Around the time this program stated up, there was only a handful of enrollees, versus to 15 to 20 regularly attending the school in Portland. By 1995, the enrollment of the naturopathic school in Portland doubled, to about 45 students in the freshman year for graduation around 1998 or 1999.
AMERICAN COLLEGE OF NATUROPATHIC MEDICINE, SALEM, OR
2121 Lancaster Drive, Northeast, Salem, OR 97308
Degrees offered: 4 year post-baccalaureate N.D. Apparently no N.D. degrees were ever granted.
Motto: Vis Medicatrix Naturae
Curtis D.W. Jasper, N.D., President.
David T. Clark, Ph.D., Adjunct Academic Dean.
Stephen J. Albin, N.D., Dean of Clinical Sciences
Costs: $3300/year tuition.
Degree Requirements: 5013 clock hours, of which 2230 are spent doing externships.
Philosophy of Naturopathic Medicine (p. 9)
“Vis Medicatrix Naturae, interpreted means the innate healing power of the body, and such is the fundamental basis of the profession of naturopathic medicine. The naturopathic physician therefore works with this innate healing power and will prescribe medicines and therapies designed to stimulate and cooperate with the healing response of the body as well as to remove any impediments to good health.”
History of Naturopathic Medicine (p. 9)
“The term Naturopathy originated in the late nineteenth century to name a growing system of natural therapeutics which were founded by Dr. Samuel Hahnemann (M.D.). The philosophy and therapies, which first became a distinct profession in Germany in the mid 1800s, were brought to America by Dr. Benedict Lust (M.D.) in 1892. The first college of naturopathic medicine, the American School of Naturopathy in New York City, established by Dr. Lust, graduated its first class in 1902.”
Scope of Practice (p. 9-10)
“The training of a Naturopathic physician is designed to enable him/her to provide complete primary medical care for both acute and chronic diseases. As a primary care physician the Naturopathic doctor may treat for cardiovascular, dermatological, endocrinological, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, musculoskeletal, neurological, nutritional, obstetrical (emphasizing natural childbirth), oncological, orthopedic, respiratory and surgical disorders.
“The literal meaning of the word doctor is teacher–and the Naturopathic physician is concerned with both the curing of the diseases and teaching people how to maintain health through preventative medicine.”
Licensure (p. 10)
Legal Provisions are provided by these States:
- District of Columbia
Legal Provisions are provided by these Provinces in Canada:
- British Columbia
“Each state or province above has its own requirements for licensure.”
“The professions is in a period of rapid growth and development with too few naturopathic physicains to meet the demand. As a result of this, legislation is pending in many states to upgrade the legal standing of the profession as well as to provide more licensing laws.”
DESCRIPTION OF CATALOGUE
Catalogue reviewed (at NCNM):
American College of Naturopathic Medicine. Catalogue 1979-81. 5 1/2″ x 8 1/2″ (38pp.)
Has Coral Cover (one piece half-folded), to which nine medium thick ivory sheets [watermark “Hillman Best”?] are stapled; these two staples are placed about two inches from top and bottom). Very few spelling errors were noted (see the inner cover quote). Book is signed on front cover, appearing as script in pencil, “S. Seymour”.
Includes 12 photos:
Page 8. Portrait, taken from chest-up, of Curtis D.W. Jasper, President, dressed in a white medical technician’s coat, white shirt and tie.
Page 10. A cast is being removed with a small drill saw from the left forearm-wrist of a female patient.
Page 13. four photographs of varying sizes, illustrating X-ray machine in use (upper left), a physician inspecting an infant’s chest while sitting up in the mother’s lap (upper right), two individuals discussing an ankle-lower leg x-ray on the viewing screen (lower right), and a close-up of minor surgery tray with needle, scalpel, forceps, etc (lower left).
Page 14. (entire page, with 1-1/2 inch margin): “American College of Naturopathic Medicine, Salem, Oregon” showing a newly-built late 1970s facility.
Page 16. two photos, side-by-side horizontally, taking up about one-half of the page beginning from the middle, and beneath text which comprises the upper one quarter of the page. Left photograph is of blood being drawn from the right arm of a patient–lower right torso view of patient, and view of both of the health person’s hands inserting the vial into the phlebotomy needle case. The right photo is an upper view of a health person standing in front of a sink, and reading an [oral?] thermometer, with a split leaf philodendron suspended over the right side of the sink.
Page 17. Lower 2/5 portion of page, beneath “ADMISSION” paragraphs; shows a health care person apparently using a capillary tube to draw blood from a pricked finger of the female client. This process appears to be taking place under unsanitary conditions and alongside the lab sink in the clinical laboratory (relevant?). The background is of a countertop with a microscope, and various clinical laboratory chemical vials, containers and related equipment.
Page 23. A male student, worker, or professor looking into a binocular microscope with four lenses on it.
Page 25. The same male individual is inspecting the left ear of a patient, whose is shirtless, and apron-less. The patient is characterized by the worker who posed for the upper right photo on page 13, and the lab photo on page 17.
ADDED NOTE: The upper right photo on page 13 and the right-side photo on page 16 show a stethoscope being held and drooped over the back of the neck, respectively. The stethoscope is a very inexpensive type, low-grade, having only a basic 1 1/4 to 1/ 1/2 inch diaphragm.
The following is printed on inner front cover:
“The Catalogue of the American College of Naturopathic Medicine is published for the purpose of providing students, applicants, and the public with informaton (sic) about the policies and educational programs of the College. It does not constitute a contract with any student. All contents are subject to change without prior notice.”
“The American College of Naturopathic Medicine is a private nonprofit educational corporation that does not discriminate on the basis of age, sex, race, creed, national origin, or physical handicap in the administration of educational policies, admission policies, financial aid, employment, or any program or activity.”
The last two pages (one-half folded sheet, both sides), is completely blank.
Page 36 is the last page to have printing on it. It has monthly calendars for September to December 1979, all of 1980, and January till June 1981, the time span during which this catalogue was intended to be used.
ACADEMIC CALENDAR (p. 7)
SEPTEMBER 17 Registration/Orientation
SEPTEMBER 18 Classes begin
NOVEMBER 22-25 Thanksgiving Recess
DECEMBER 16-JANUARY 1 Christmas Recess
FEBRUARY 18 Washington’s Holiday
MARCH 8-16 Spring Recess
APRIL 4 Easter Recess
MAY 26 Memorial Day Recess
MAY 30 End of Academic Year
SEPTEMBER 15 Registration/Orientation
SEPTEMBER 16 Classes begin
NOVEMBER 27-30 Thanksgiving Recess
DECEMBER 20-JANUARY 4 Christmas Recess
FEBRUARY 16 Washington’s Holiday
MARCH 7-15 Spring Recess
APRIL 17 Easter Recess
MAY 25 Memorial Day Recess
MAY 29 End of Academic Year
Board of Directors (p. 4)
Grant Fagg Salem, Oregon
Curtis D.W. Jasper, N.D. Willamina, Oregon
Mildred Miller Las Vegas, Nevada
Harold A. Salway Salem, Oregon
Allen Tyler, Ph.D., N.D. Langley, British Columbia
Donald Van Dyke, Salem, Oregon Student Representative
FACULTY (p. 35)
Curtis Jasper, D.W., N.D., NCNM (1977), B.Sc. Kansas-Newman College [KNC] (1975).
Stephen John Albin, N.D., NCNM (1977), B.Sc. KNC (1975), B.A. U. Brit. Columbia (1965)
David T. Clark, Ph.D. Univeristy of Illinois (1955), M.A. University of Nebraska (1951), B.A. University of Nebraska (1949).
B. Grant Fagg, B.S., University of Utah (1950).
David Allan Hinton, N.D. NCNM (1977), B.Sc. KNC (1975).
Rosalie Ann Naddy, M.T., Miller School of Medical Technology (1954), B.S. Macalester College (1954), M.A. University of Minnesota (1951), B.A. Macalester College (1947).
G. Roy Sumpter, Ph.D., Florida State University (1967), M.S. Florida State University (1965), B.A., Bob Jones Univeristy (1963).
“It is anticipated that two full-time faculty and six part-time faculty members will be added to the academic program with additional faculty hired as overall enrollment increases.”
MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT (p. 8)
Friends of Naturopathic Medicine:
This is truly the time to become part of the Naturopathic medical profession. All around us we see chronic degenerative disease reaching epidemic proportions and acute infectious illnesses becoming more and more resistant to antibiotic treatment. In addition, the decline in the emphasis upon the family is making the access to primary health care more difficult to obtain.
People are becoming aware that the only real hope in solving these health care problems lies in the philosophy of Naturopathic medicine. Naturopathic medicine is the profession best suited to provide quality family-oriented health care.
The American College of Naturopathic Medicine is becoming a key figure in expounding and spreading these basic principles and in helping the profession fulfill its proper role in the haelth care system. ACNM is seeking to accomplish this by providing the highest quality of general practice Naturopathic medical education to its students.
Yours in health,
Curtis D.W. Jasper, N.D.
THE COLLEGE (pp. 11-16)
AMERICAN COLLEGE OF NATUROPATHIC MEDICINE
“The American College of Naturopathic Medicine is a private four year post baccalaureate institution which grants the Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine [N.D.] degree. ACNM is designed to play an important role in the continuing effort to build the naturopathic profession by contributing a well-rounded education to its students with an emphasis on but not limited to naturopathic medicines, nutritional guidance, and physiotherapy. It is the aim of the college to train its students to be able to provide a complete health care service in their role as a general family practice physician.
“Those students who can share in the vision of providing superior health care, who have a strong desire to serve society as a whole, and who follow a commitment to higher ideals are encourage to make application to study at ACNM.
“In general, the student who will successfully gain admittance to ACNM will have earned a baccalaureate degree, possess a good understanding of scientific principles, have a commitment to serve the health interests of a community, and a motivation to follow the highest moral principles of life. The greatest degree on integrity is a must for anyone contemplating the role of a physician.”
Purpose of the College [quoted verbatim]
It is the purpose of the American College of Naturopathic Medicine to:
1. achieve and maintain the highest standard if naturopathic medical education using innovative techniques and competency-based instruction.
2. provide an unparalleled degree of clinical exposure so that as general practice naturopathic physicians its graduates can provide competent primary health care.”
Objectives of the College [quoted verbatim]
The Objectives of the College are:
1. To train competent family practice naturopathic physicians who will be able to provide a primary health care service for a community.
2. To provide a medical education that will thoroughly prepare stduents to meet the requirements of all state and provincial naturopathic licensing boards.
3. To support the naturopathic medical profession through:
–the increase in knowledge in its disciplines,
–the maintenance of the highest standards of technical skills, and
–the enlightenment, by means of continuing education, of the students in the profession, the patients served by the profession, and the public-at-large.
Educational Strategy [quoted verbatim]
The College will:
1. define for the student that knwoledge which is germane and necessary to their function as a competent physician.
2. instruct in and offer access to that information.
3. provide training in clinical procedures and diagnostic skills, and
4. evaluate the learning using competency-based techniques.
“The College has defined and published the objectives of each of its courses and the standards by which student achievement will be measured. The specific areas of knowledge and expertise that must be mastered within each course have been brokne down into a specified number of learning modules. The student must demonstrate his or her competency of the subject matter covered by each of these learning modules. Because of the college’s philoosphy of competency-based education, examination and other traditional assessment techniques are ued to identify areas of weakness requiring remedial action. When these are found, the instructor and the student will work out a plan enabling the student to successfully gain mastery of the assigned material. Emphasis is not placed upon hiow quickly or slowly a student learns a specified learning module, but upon the fact that learning occurs. Therefore, a student will be expected to repeate al learning module until satisfactory competency is demonstrated to the professor in charge fo that instruction.
“Those who wish to accomplish the objectives in a shorter period of time must still continue their studies in periods of nine months each year for four years. Any extra time will be spent studying elective and specialty subjects.
“After completing four years of study, the College will grant the Doctor of Naturopathy (N.D.) degree to its graduates.”
Facility [quoted verbatim]
“The College and its facilities are located in Salem, Oregon, and include administrative, academic, library, dissection, labortory and outpatient clinic. Future plans include an in-patient primary care facility.”
ADMISSION (pp. 17-19)
“The American College of Naturopathic MEdicine has limited enrollment and admits new students on a competitive basis. All applicants for admission are reviewed by the Admissions Committee, which evaluates each candidate’s character, academic achievement, and motivation for evidence of thsoe qualities desired in a naturopathic physician, and their ability to successfully complete and contribute to the ACNM program.
“The College expects to attract studnets with a wide variety of talents and backgrounds who will contribute to the growth of naturopathic medicine. As important as a record of academic excellence are life experience and the personal attributes which are needed by a physician–maturity, integrity, judgement, empathy, and a desire to serve. “Well-rounded” individuals with an ability to communicate effectively and a capacity for growth, responsibility, and independence will be best equipped to meet the challenges of a career in naturopathic medicine.”
“A baccalaureate degree is required in order to graduate from the American College of Naturopathic Medicine.”
“Applicants seeking admission must have completed at a minimum, three years of undergraduate study at a regionally accredited college or university.”
Completion of the following courses is required:
General Biology with Laboratory, one year
General Chemistry with Laboratory, one year
Organic Chemistry with Laboratory, one year
“Credit for work done at a non-accredited institution will be handled on an individual basis by petition.”
“[S]tudents are encourage to undertake studies and acquire skills in other desirable areas in order to broaden their perspective, and enhance their effectiveness in the eventual practice of their profession.”
“Applicants who have not completed all the academic requirements at the time of applicationmay be accepted on the condition that those requirements will be fulfilled before the date of registration.”
Transfer Students (p. 18)
“The American College of Naturopathy will accept students with advance standing on an individual basis. But all transfer students must spend a minimum of two years studying at ACNM.”
Admissions Procedure (p. 19)
Admissions are made only in the fall of each year.
Required to be sent to Office of Admissions of ACNM:
1. Completed ACNM degree.
2. $35.00 application fee
3. Official Transcripts for each college attended
4. Two letters of recommendation.
All applicants re required to have an interview with a member ofthe Admissions Committee.
“Each applicant is given written notification of acceptance, placement on a waiting list, or rejection.”
“An applicant who is offered admission…and wishes to accept this offer must submit a $200.00 deposit within thirty days of notification of acceptance to reserve a place in the entering class. This deposit will be credited towards the applicant’s tuition, and is not refundable. If the deposit is not received in the specified time, the place will be offered to another applicant on the waiting list.”
Listing of Courses offered [pp. 29-34]
Course title, number (alphabetical listing)
- Acupuncture, 755
- Biochemistry, 510
- Business and Office Procedures, 837
- Clinic Externship, 540, 640, 740, 840
- Conjoint: Anatomy/Physiology, 520
- Conjoint: Clinical, 834
- Conjoint: Pathology and Diagnosis, 670
- Conjoint: Physiotherapy, 753
- Developmental Psychology, 621
- Directed Individual Study: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, 902
- Emergency Medicine, 631
- Geriatrics, 836
- Gynecology, 732
- Immunology, 682
- Introduction to the Healing Arts, 550
- Materia Medica, 551, 651, 751
- Medical Jurisprudence, 838
- Medical Terminology, 901
- Microbiology, 681
- Nutrition, 715
- Obstetrical Externship, 741
- Obstetrics, 733
- Pediatrics, 835
- Pharmacology, 652
- Psychological Counseling, 754
- Public Health: Community and Environmental Medicine, 683
- Senior Seminar, 845
- Surgery, 856
Course title, number (ascending numerical order)
DIVISION OF THE BASIC SCIENCES
[numbers are for: Lec Hrs/Week Clinic or Lab/wk Real Hrs/Yr Credits/Yr]
- Biochemistry, 510 4 2 198 15
- Conjoint: Anatomy/Physiology, 520 10 7 561 39
- Clinic Externship, 540 1 4 165 9
- Introduction to the Healing Arts, 550 3 0 33 3
- Materia Medica, 551 3 0 66 9
5 courses 21 13 1023 75
- Developmental Psychology, 621 4 0 44 4
- Emergency Medicine, 631 4 0 44 4
- Clinic Externship, 640 1 4 164 9
- Materia Medica, 651 4 0 132 12
- Pharmacology, 652 4 0 44 4
- Conjoint: Pathology & Diagnosis, 670 10 4 462 36
- Microbiology, 681 3 2 55 4
- Immunology, 682 5 0 55 4
- Public Health: Community and Environmental Medicine, 683 4 0 44 4
9 courses 37 10 1045 81
SUM (2 yrs, Basic Science) 58 23 2068 156
DIVISION OF THE CLINICAL SCIENCES
[numbers are for: Lec Hrs/Week Clinic or Lab/wk Real Hrs/Yr Credits/Yr]
- Nutrition, 715 3 – 99 9
- Gynecology, 732 3 – 33 3
- Obstetrics, 733 6 – 66 6
- Clinic Externship, 740 5 20 825 45
- Summer Clinic Externship, 742 – – 100 4
- Materia Medica, 751 3 – 99 9
- Conjoint: Physiotherapy, 753 4 – 132 12
- Psychological Counseling, 754 2 – 22 2
- Acupuncture, 755 4 – 44 4
9 courses 30 20 1420 94
- Obstetrical Externship, 741 – – 150 7
- Conjoint: Clinical, 834 10 – 330 30
- Pediatrics, 835 2 – 22 2
- Geriatrics, 836 2 – 22 2
- Business and Office Procedures, 837 2 – 22 2
- Medical Jurisprudence, 838 2 – 22 2
- Clinic Externship, 840 5 20 825 45
- Senior Seminar, 845 3 – 33 3
- Surgery, 856 3 6 99 6
8 courses 29 26 1525 99
SUM (Clinical) 59 46 2945 250
SUM (2 yrs, Basic Science) 58 23 2068 156
SUM (4 years) 117 69 5013 406
NOTE: Of the 5013 clock hours of schooling required to graduate, 2230 clock hours must be in the for of Clinical Externships.
Two courses are listed without specified years for attendance:
Medical Terminology, 901
Directed Individual Study: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, 902
The latter course in Independent Study offers 8 Sections [A through G]. This enabled students to perform studies on areas of interest related to their desired career status. [See note entitled “PROGRAM OF STUDY” following this section, and a related item written several pages back under “Admission Requirements.”]
Sample Course Descriptions:
Introduction to the Healing Arts, 550
“Explores the historical, philosophical, and therapeutic bases of the different healing arts with emphasis upon naturopathic medicine. Also discusses the philosophy of science.”
Business and Office Procedures, 837
“A course to provide students with a fundamental knowledge of the practical aspects of establishing and maintaining a professional office. Topics include financing, real estate, personnel, accounting, insurance, record keeping, and medical ethics.”
Medical Jurisprudence, 838
“Designed to acquaint students with the laws relating to the practice of all healing arts and to naturopathic medicine in particular.”
Materia Medica, 551, 651, 751
“An integrated approach to the study of the substances used in naturopathic medicine. The pharmacognosy, pharmacodynamics, toxicology, and therapeutics of each substance are considered, as well as, the healing methods or preparing and compounding of botanical and naturopathic medicines. The principles of naturopathic philosophy, from the Hahnemann viewpoint, are discussed. The symptom-pictures of the remedies are presented in detail. Skills of case-taking, repertorizing, and prescribing are developed.”
“Covers the individual nutrients in food, their interacting, biocehmical roles in human metabolism, and the effects of nutrient deficiencies. The application of principles of nutrition to clinical dietetics, including dietary analysis and the concept of biochemical individuality. The recognition and treatment of specific health problems associated with nutritional deficiencies and excesses are discussed. Explores the wide variety of dietary regimes which are used in naturopathic medicine for treatment of specific conditions.”
Public Health: Community and Environmental Medicine, 683
“The course is concerned with the etiology, epidemiology, prevention, and control of communicable diseases, with an emphasis on personal and community hygiene measurs. Also describes the health effects of a wide variety of environmental pollutants aimed at enabling students to recognize these hazards and their manifestations in patients.”
“A course focusing on the special aspects of health care for children. Techniques of examination for assessing shildren and the normal growth and development patterns are discussed. Emphasis is on the treatment of conditions encountered in family practice.”
“A consideration of the process of aging and the special health problems of older people. Diagnostic and therapeutic techniques which are commonly used in this area are discussed and performed. Emphasis is placed on preventing, reversing or retarding degenerative changes and maximizing health in the later years.”
“A study of the principles, tools, and procedures of surgery used in naturopathic medicine. Much of the course is devoted to the practice of surgical techniques so that students acquire the confidence and skills necessary to perform safe and effective surgery.”
“Focusing on women’s health, this course is concerned primarily with the female genital system and the diagnosis and treatment of the problems associated with it. Students are encouraged to develop a sensitivity to the special needs of female patients and an awareness of the many factors influencing women’s health.”
“Examines the anatomy and physiology of pregnancy and birth and the role of the physician in each phase of the process. The principles and practice of physical and laboratory examination in pregnancy and labor. This course centers around: complete parent education and prenatal care; natural childbirth techniques; diagnosis, and prevention, and treatment of problems including the role of surgical intervention; examination and care ofthe newborn. Recognition of dangerous birthing situations and appropriate management are stressed.”
Obstetrical Externship, 741
“The Clinic offers expectant parent a program of complete obstetrical services. Each student will attend at least fifteen births, supervised by a licensed naturopath physician.”
Conjoint: Clinical, 834
“A clinically oriented lecture/laboratory course which concentrates on the pathology, diagnosis, and treatment of the following: orthopedics, neurology, gastroenterology, proctology, cardiovascular, respiratory, endocrinology, urology, dermatology, eye, ear, nose, and throat, and oncology.”
Conjoint: Physiotherapy, 753
“A lecture and laboratory course which explores the physiological effects and therapeutic use of heat, light, water, electricity, and sound, and the equipment involved in the production of utilization of these natural forces. The principles and manipulative techniques of osseous and soft tissue manipulation, with empahsis on the mechanics of the human musculoskeletal system are presented. Consideration of physical techniques and exercises used in the management and rehabilitation of persons suffering from the loss of certain body functions or control as a result of injury or illness is also taught.”
Clinical Externship, 540, 640, 740, 840
“During all four years at ACNM students enter a most important and challenging phase of their professional education–the clinical externship. Each student is scheduled in the Clinic, where he or she gradually assumes responsibility for the care of patients under the guidance of the licensed naturopathic physicians of the Clinic staff. Students also rotate through the Clinic departments of pharmacy, physiotherapy, X-ray, and laboratory.”
PROGRAM OF STUDY (p. 26)
“The American College of Naturopathic Medicine basic science curriculum is designed to provide students with an understanding of the medical structure and function of the human organism in health and disease. Equal in importance is an understanding of the philosophical basis of naturopathic medicine. Together, this fundamental knowledge prepares the future physician for study and practical experience in clinical medicine. With a comprehension of the tools and language of modern medicine, in conjunction with an appreciation of scientific research methods, students are able to seek scientific verification of the principles and techniques of naturopathic medicine in their own work and in the work of others.”
“The clinical sciences program presents students with the opportunity to intgrate their basic medical science knowledge and apply it to the disciplines of clinical medicine. Students will receive comprehenesive instruction combined with practical experience in all phases of family practice naturopathic medicine in ACNM’s medical clinic.”
TUITION & FEES (p. 24)
First Year 50.00
Second Year 50.00
Late Registration 15.00
“First year students must provide their own microscopes equipped with low power (10X), high power (40X0, and oil-immersion (100X) objectives.”
“All students are required to purchase textbooks and other equipment as needed for each course. The cost of these items is about $300.00 per academic year.”
STUDENT HOUSING (p. 25)
“The American College of Naturopathic Medicine has no college housing for students. However, the College will assist students in locating suitable accomodation in the area.”
STUDENT HEALTH SERVICE (p. 25)
“The health care services of the ACNM are available free of charge to all students and at reduced or no charge to their dependents.”
COLLEGE REGULATIONS (pp. 20-23)
Grading (p. 21)
Pass-No Credit method in use.
Attendance (p. 21)
“[ACNM] does not have a set class attendance policy; however, the Veteran’s Administration and many state and provincial licensing boards require ninety percent attendance. For these reasons, attendance records will be kept…”
Professional Conduct and Appearance (p. 21, quoted verbatim)
“The College assumes that all students will maintain approprate professional standards of conduct and appearance during their period of study at ACNM, and that they will demonstrate the highest integrity in their dealings with the College, fellow students, patients and the community. Drug use of any type is not permitted except under the care of a lciensed physcian. Because of the high moral character demanded of the naturopathic physician, the College will expect that there will be no pre or extramarital sex involving its students. Due to the regular exposure to patients in the clinic and the need to develop the self awareness of appropriate standards of dress and appearance the College will expect that:
–men will wear dress pants and shirts while in class, plus a tie while in the clinic
–women will wear modest skirts or slacks and blouses
–men will be clean shaven, and hair, sidebruns, and moustaches will be kept trimmed.
Student Evaluation and Promotion (p. 20)
“The American College of Naturpathic Medicine maintains high standards of scholarship and professional achievement, and it is beleived that all students who are admitted are capable of meeting those standards and successfully completing the N.D. program. The College recognizes a responsibility to use all its resources to provide each student the fullest opportunity to satisfy the academic and professional requirements for graduation and licensure.
“The College has defined and published the objectives of each of its courses and the standards by which student acheivement will be measured. The specific areas of knowledge and expertise must be mastered in each course…
(See “Educational Strategy, p. 15,” this is essentially a rephrasing of itmes on that page.)
Vivisection (p. 23)
“The developments in medicine through living animal experimentation has been significant. However, the nature of the experiments is quite different when students simply witness at first hand the starvation, infection, inoculation, and abuse of animals, when the results of such experiments are already known. In actual fact, these studies are not experiments at all; they are simply demonstrations. In no way do they give the student a true experience of research, or the joy of discovery. The American College of Naturopathic Medicine recognizes the value of animals in true research and school policy forbids their use for a mere demonstration of known facts.”
Discipline, Dismissal, and Appeals Procedure (p. 22)
“Following appropraite verbal warnings, a student may be recommended for disciplinary action or dismissal for unsatisfactory academic or clinical performance, or for continued behavior which is unacceptable to the college community.”
“These problems shall be dealt with by the Standards and Honors Committee. This Committee shall consist of one administrator, one faculty member, one physician and one student with each being selected by their own constituency. All decisions of the Standards and Honors Committee may be appealed to the President, whose decison is final.”‘
Requirements for Degree (p. 22, quoted verbatim)
The candidate for the Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine (N.D.) must fulfill the following:
1. Pass all courses in the prescribed curriculum
2. Complete at least the final two years of professional training in residence at the American College of Naturopathic Medicine
3. Attended the required number of hours in clinical externship
4. Have acceptably discharged any financial obligation to ACNM
5. Have a baccalaureate degree
6. Because of licensure requirements, be [at least] 21 years of age
7. Be recommended by the faculty for the degree
This school was apparently not opened long enough for any of its students (if students were enrolled) to complete the program.
Note the origin of the chief administrators of this school–the Kansas-Newman College–he and his cohrot who attempted to initiate thioe Salem school removed to Oregon to undertake a degree in Naturopathy. In alternative medicine, Salem had avid followers of alternative healing traditions in the mid-1800s. Dr. Shelton for example was a physiomedic in Salem who initiated publication of the first medical journal in Oregon. During the 1860s, Shelton and his colleagues planned on statting an alternative medicine college in this same area.